Honda Motor said on Tuesday it will shut its only plant in Britain in 2021, a decision the Japanese car maker said was based on changes in the global market and not related to Brexit.
The company will also stop making its Civic car model at its Turkey plant from 2021, but plans to continue its operations in the country, Honda Chief Executive, Takahiro Hachigo, told a news conference in Tokyo.
The announcement comes a day after a British lawmaker said Honda will announce the closure of the Swindon factory in southern England, resulting in 3,500 job losses in what is seen as a big blow to UK’s auto industry before Brexit.
The plant closure will be one of several by automakers reassessing their presence in the UK and Europe.
Two weeks ago, bigger Japanese rival Nissan canceled plans to build its X-Trail sport utility vehicle in Britain.
Last month, Britain’s biggest automaker Jaguar Land Rover, and Ford Motor Co separately announced sweeping job cuts in Europe.
For Honda, declining demand for diesel vehicles, tougher emissions regulations and uncertainty over Britain’s expected departure from the European Union next month have clouded its manufacturing prospects in the region.
A closure of Honda’s Swindon factory in southern England would be its second plant shuttering in 2022.
The automaker said more than a year ago it will close one of its Japan plants in 2022 in an effort to consolidate production as it focuses on new vehicle technologies.
Honda built over 160,000 vehicles at Swindon where it makes the hatchback version of its popular Civic model, accounting for a little more than 10 per cent of Britain’s total output of 1.52 million cars.
But it has struggled in Europe in recent years, and the industry faces a number of challenges including declining diesel vehicle demand and tougher regulations alongside the uncertainty over Britain’s departure from the European Union, due next month.
Justin Tomlinson, a Conservative lawmaker for Swindon who voted for Brexit in 2016, said he had met with the business minister and representatives from Honda who had confirmed the plans.
“They were due to make a statement tomorrow morning, it’s obviously broken early,” Tomlinson, lawmaker for North Swindon, told Reuters.
“This is not Brexit-related. It is a reflection of the global market. They are seeking to consolidate production in Japan.”
Honda said it would not be providing any comment on the “speculation”.
“We take our responsibilities to our associates very seriously and will always communicate any significant news with them first,” the firm said.
Honda announced in October 2017 it would stop making vehicles at its Sayama plant in Japan by 2022 as it grapples with a shrinking domestic market.
Like many of its global rivals, Honda is trying to streamline its operations as it invests heavily to develop electric vehicles and self-driving cars, transforming itself from simply a manufacturer of cars into a mobility company.
Japan has repeatedly warned it could pull investments in Britain, which it had seen as a gateway into Europe, if London does not secure a Brexit deal favorable for trade.
The recently agreed EU-Japan trade agreement means tariffs on cars from Japan to the continent will be eliminated, while Britain is struggling to make progress on talks over post-Brexit trade relations with Tokyo.
Honda’s announcement would come just over two weeks after bigger Japanese car maker Nissan canceled plans to build its X-Trail sport utility vehicle in Britain.
In January, Britain’s biggest automaker Jaguar Land Rover said it would cut 10 per cent of its workforce, mainly at home, due to sluggish sales to China and a slump in European diesel demand.
“The car industry in the UK over the last two decades has been the jewel in the crown for the manufacturing sector – and now it has been brought low by the chaotic Brexit uncertainty,” said Des Quinn, national officer for the automotive sector at Unite, Britain’s biggest trade union.
Honda said last month it would shut its British operations for six days in April to help counter any border disruption from Brexit.
It was also preparing to front-load some production at its plant to ship overseas or build up inventories.
Nissan, Honda and a third Japanese car maker, Toyota Motor Corp, together account for roughly half of the cars built in Britain.
Honda which has been building more cars for sale outside of Europe in recent years, said earlier this month its production volumes at Swindon would be reduced to 570 cars per day and that it would make job cuts.
“This reduction in volume will not have any impact on our permanent resource levels and is in line with our current production plans,” the company said.